How to Prevent Further Infection to Patients with Cancer

People living with cancer have poor immunity because the immune system is weakened by cancer treatment as well as the cancer disease. These people are therefore susceptible to infections that come their way. Nevertheless, there are some measures that patients can put in place to avoid infections from viruses or even germs.

These measures include;

Observing Hygiene

This involves keeping high level of cleanliness at home, workplace and when in public. Washing hands is one of the primary actions that should be observed by these patients. After visiting the toilet, the patient should wash his/her hands with warm soapy water to avoid transferring germs to the mouth. Also, patients should wash hands after sneezing, coughing, handling animals, collecting trash as well as after touching things that are contacted by other people like door handles and other public items that can lead to the patient acquiring germs. Bathing daily is also essential as it takes off germs that the body might have collected throughout the day. During bathing, keen attention is paid to sweaty areas as well as the anal area to prevent the growth of bacteria that can cause diseases. Cancer patients must consider using alcohol-based wipes in places where they cannot access water to wash their hands. Also, they should avoid sharing their items including makeup, utensils, and clothes as they can collect germs from other people rendering them exposed to bacteria that can cause diseases.

Medication to Prevent Infections

The immunity of a patient mostly depends on the stage of his/her cancer. Patients in advanced stages have their immunity lowered to a level that observing hygiene and other non-medicinal measures cannot help because their immunity needs to be boosted. In this case, there are some preventative drugs mostly antibiotics that work as prophylaxis hence preventing infections. These drugs can be antifungal, antibacterial as well as antivirus. Some drugs such as steroids weaken body immunity, and they are usually given with antibiotics aiming at preventing infections. These drugs are given when the immunity is compromised and are stopped when the immune system is no longer so weak. Nevertheless, these drugs do not entirely prevent patients from infections. Therefore, they should pay keen attention to any sign of infection and report to their doctors as soon as possible to maintain a stable immune system. There are also some growth factor drugs that are protein in nature that enhance the growth of blood cells boosting the immunity of a patient.

Eating Well Balanced Diets

Although, fruits and vegetables have vital vitamins and mineral salts that are required by our bodies, many doctors advise cancer patients not to take them due to germs that they can transfer to their bodies if they are not washed thoroughly. However, if they are cleaned well, patients can consume them to acquire vitamins that the body needs to fight diseases. Precut and canned fruits should be avoided as during the handling and packing process they might be contaminated. Foods from soft server machines like yogurt and ice cream should also be avoided. It is crucial that patients should include their doctors in their dietary nutrition issues to advise them on which food to eat and which ones to avoid. Also, patients are encouraged to take a lot of fluids especially water to prevent constipation that can lead to the destruction of the mucosal layer of the anal canal which can be a perfect entry of germs to the body.

To summarize, good hygiene reduces the chances of patients getting infections from their environment hence improving life.

Make Sure You Get Enough Water and Food during Cancer Treatment

Water plays a significant role in the body. Even when you are not under any treatment, it is advisable that you remain hydrated at all times to maintain proper functioning of the body. Some of the essential roles played by water include; regulating body temperature, removes toxins and waste from your body, maintains the blood pressure levels and supplies nutrients and oxygen to the body. Any person undergoing cancer treatment or any form of therapy will need water for better recovery. During cancer treatment, your body will lose a lot of water due to the frequent vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.

Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration

At the time you may not be feeling thirsty, but your body will be dehydrated. Dehydration has been linked to reduced prognosis (full recovery) in some patients. It is thus crucial to know how dehydration presents itself. Dry mouth and tongue, yellow urine which is also reduced in volume, headaches, dizziness, constipation, and nausea are some of the tell signs that your body needs more water. The symptoms can get even worse. At such a point where you produce no urine or very little of it, you should seek help from your doctor. Other extreme signs include low blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, and excessive thirst even after you drink some water and production of very dark urine.

Doctors advise all patients to take in at least eight glasses of water per day. But if you are losing lots of water daily, you should take more than eight glasses. Try and keep track of how many drinks you have taken to ensure that you do not deprive your body of the much-needed water.

Ways in Which You Can Keep Your Water Level High

Not every person can take the plain water as it is recommended. Some people find the water extremely tasteless and cannot handle drinking a minimum of eight glasses per day. For such people, it is recommended that they add some ice cubes in the water. If that does not work, make sure that you are drinking lots of fruit juice, milk, decaf coffee and tea throughout the day. Eating some fruits such as watermelon will also help maintain the water level in your body. Some vegetables such as lettuce and broccoli have some substantial amount of water that will keep dehydration away. Don’t strain your body to take two glasses in the morning and two more during lunch break, be lenient on yourself. Sip small amounts of water all day. Pressuring yourself will only make you unable to attain your goal. Suck on ice chips if all the above methods do not work for you.

Don’t Restrict Your Diet and Avoid Supplements

Your body will work better if it is subjected to less dietary restrictions. Once you are diagnosed with cancer, don’t deny yourself some kinds of food. Many people decide to go on an entirely vegetarian diet. This will leave the body with no source of carbohydrates and proteins. You should aim at maintaining your muscle mass, losing weight or gaining is at times inevitable, but it should be regulated.

Go slow on the vitamins supplements, allow the body to absorb the needed vitamins and minerals from the balanced diet that you will be eating. Your body is already consuming too many drugs, and it is not clear how the supplements will react with the cancer treatment drugs. Focus on eating a balanced diet meal made up of more veggies, fruits and a small amount of protein and carbohydrate.